Manuscript Title:

THE PREVALENCE, ASSOCIATED FACTORS, AND PREDICTED VARIABLES OF DEPRESSION AND ANXIETY IN QATARI CANCER PATIENTS: A CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY

Author:

Dr. MAJID ALI AL ABDULLA, SHUJA REAGU, Dr. MOZA ALISHAQ, Dr. NOORA AL HAMMADI, Dr. MOHAMMED HASSAN ELKORDY, HAFEDH GHAZOUANI, Dr. AHMED H. ASSAR

DOI Number:

DOI:10.5281/zenodo.10807402

Published : 2024-03-10

About the author(s)

1. Dr. MAJID ALI AL ABDULLA - Senior Consultant, Mental Health Services, Hamad Medical Corporation.
2. SHUJA REAGU - Senior Consultant, Mental Health Services, Hamad Medical Corporation.|
3. Dr. MOZA ALISHAQ - Deputy Chief of Corporate Quality improvement, Patient Safety and Risk Management.
4. Dr. NOORA AL HAMMADI - Senior Consultant, Oncology, Hamad Medical Corporation.
5. Dr. MOHAMMED HASSAN ELKORDY - Clinical Research Analyst, Corporate Quality Improvement and Patient Safety, Hamad Medical Corporation.
6. HAFEDH GHAZOUANI - Quality Reviewer, Corporate Quality and Patient Safety, Hamad Medical Corporation.
7. Dr. AHMED H. ASSAR - Clinical Fellow, Mental Health Services, Hamad Medical Corporation.

Full Text : PDF

Abstract

Background: Depression and anxiety can exacerbate the already complex treatment journey of cancer patients, affecting their quality of life, treatment adherence, and overall prognosis. Despite this, mental health concerns in cancer patients are often overlooked or underestimated, underscoring the need for targeted research and interventions. Methods: Conducted at the National Centre for Cancer Care and Research outpatient clinic, data were collected from 501 eligible participants using a structured questionnaire. Screening for depression and anxiety utilized the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) and General Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7) scales, respectively. Statistical analyses, including point biserial correlation coefficients, were employed to explore correlations between sociodemographic/clinical variables and symptoms of depression and anxiety. Results: The study revealed a high prevalence of depression (75.05%) and anxiety (70.25%) among Qatari cancer patients. Factors such as cancer stage, family history of cancer, and hormonal therapy were positively correlated with depression symptoms, while psychiatric history, radiation therapy, and gender were associated with anxiety severity. Conclusion: The findings underscore the significant burden of depression and anxiety in Qatari cancer patients and highlight the importance of targeted interventions addressing associated factors to improve mental health outcomes in this population.


Keywords

Qatari Cancer Patients, Depression, Anxiety, Prevalence, Associated Factors, Predictive Variables, Cross-Sectional Study.